Tea is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world, with a rich history dating back thousands of years.
Among the many varieties of tea available, two of the most popular varieties are green tea and black tea. While they both come from the same plant, Camellia sinensis, they undergo different processing methods, which result in different flavor and aroma profiles.
In this article, we will examine the differences between green and black tea.
Green tea and black tea come from the same plant, but their differences arise from the processing methods.
Green tea is made from mostly unoxidized tea leaves that are either steamed or pan-fried in order to stop the oxidation process. As a result, the leaves retain their natural green color and fresh taste.
On the other hand, black tea is made from fully oxidized tea leaves, which means they undergo a natural enzymatic reaction that turns the leaves black and changes the flavor profile.
Flavor and Aroma
Green tea and black tea have distinct flavors and aromas that are influenced by the processing methods.
Green tea has a light, fresh taste with grassy, vegetal notes and a slight bitterness. Some varieties of green tea have a nutty, toasty flavor or a floral aroma.
Black tea, on the other hand, has a robust, full-bodied taste with malty, earthy notes and a hint of sweetness. Some varieties of black tea have a fruity, floral, or spicy aroma.
The flavor and aroma profiles of green tea and black tea can vary depending on the specific type, region, and brewing method.